Camera Differences | Photo Tip Tuesday | Dublin, Ohio Photographer
Today’s post will provide a brief overview of the different types of cameras available today.
The first camera type is readily accessible to most Americans; it is the common phone camera. While there are a wide array of phone cameras, most are limited in the adjustments the user can make. The camera on my Samsung phone has some basic metering adjustment capabilities, such as center-weighted, matrix metering, or spot metering. Metering determines how your camera will expose the picture. For more information on camera metering, click here. These settings can also be found on a point-and-shoot cameras as well as digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) cameras. In general, phones cameras do most of your thinking for you, which can sometimes compromise the image in low light scenarios or with fast moving subjects. One of the goals of phone manufacturers is to minimize the size and weight of the devices, so the sensor sizes on phone cameras are limited, which can contribute to grainy images. However, the convenience of being able to whip out your phone is a great way to capture many of life’s candid moments!
The second camera type is a point-and-shoot digital camera. While these cameras do have some great features that allow user adjustment, most of the features take several clicks to find, which causes the majority of people to leave their camera on automatic mode. If you own a point-and-shoot camera and want to have more control over what your camera does, I suggest reading over your manual and finding where your ISO sensitivity, shutter speed, and aperture controls are. Adjusting these settings to fit your needs will drastically improve your photos especially when photographing in low light settings. The other main limitation of a point-and-shoot camera in relation to a DSLR is its focus speed. Have you ever tried to photograph a toddler while they are running or jumping? If so, you have experienced this limitation. It takes the camera so long to focus and capture the image that the photo ends up blurry or you miss the moment.
The third type of camera is a DSLR. There are multiple levels of DSLR cameras that have different capabilities. Amateur DSLR cameras have almost all of the same capabilities as professional DSLR cameras but they aren’t as easy to access or aren’t as advanced. For example, on an amateur Nikon D5300, you can adjust the ISO but you have to go into the menu and click several other options before reaching the place where you can change it. On my Nikon D750, you hold one button on the back of the camera and turn a dial, which allows for a faster adjustment. The other main difference is the speed,the sensor size, and high ISO capabilities. Professional DSLR cameras have the ability to take more photos per frame and can take photos more quickly in succession. They also have a full frame sensor which allows better photos in low light situations and also contributes to the high ISO capabilities.
So, the camera you need all depends on what you want to use it for. The internet is a great resource for tips on how to choose your next camera based on your needs.
Photo of my old Nikon D5300 taken with my current Nikon D750